The Supremacy of the Son
Today’s Text: Hebrews 1:5-14
This second part of the first chapter contains seven Old Testament quotations that are used to prove the supremacy of Christ which was asserted within the first four verses. This is the beginning of the pattern that the author will use throughout the book of Hebrews. Remember that this book is an example of rhetorical discourse in which the author has set about to prove a case for Christ and His New Covenant to equip and encourage the believers who, undergoing severe persecution, might be liable to fall to temptation to fall away from the truth.
1. God’s satisfaction in Jesus’ work:
(1:5a) For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father”? (Ps. 2:7)
2. God’s pledge for the Father/Son relationship
(1:5b) Or again, “I will be his Father,
and he will be my Son”? (2 Sam 7:14)
3. The incarnation: angels must worship the Son
(1:6) And again, when God brings his firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all God’s angels worship him.” (Deut. 32:43)
4. The angels must serve the Son
(1:7) In speaking of the angels he says,
“He makes his angels winds,
his servants flames of fire.” (Ps. 104:4)
5. The Son’s righteous rule
1:8-9) But about the Son he says,
“Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever,
and righteousness will be the scepter of your kingdom.
You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness;
therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions
by anointing you with the oil of joy.” (Ps. 45:6-7)
6. The Son created the universe and will also end it, but He will remain the same
(1:10-12) He also says,
“In the beginning, O Lord, you laid the foundations of the earth,
and the heavens are the work of your hands.
They will perish, but you remain;
they will all wear out like a garment.
You will roll them up like a robe;
like a garment they will be changed.
But you remain the same,
and your years will never end.” (PS 102:25-27)
7. Jesus reigns, and God brings His enemies into submission
(1:13) To which of the angels did God ever say,
“Sit at my right hand
until I make your enemies
a footstool for your feet”? (Ps. 110:1)
In the final verse (14) the contrast suddenly changes from Jesus vs. the angels to Jesus and His redeemed vs. the angels. Here we see that the angels are not only to serve the Son, but all of those who through His grace will inherit salvation. Simply stated, that means you, me and all others who are saved by the redeeming sacrifice of Jesus, or as the Hebrews author would say, those who are saved by the superior covenant made by the superior sacrifice brought by the superior High Priest: Jesus