A New Covenant

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Jeremiah 31:31-37

Jeremiah has set out a picture of trouble ahead.  He has cited curse after curse from the Old Covenant that God will invoke against Israel and Judah because of their unbelief that resulted in broken commands.  In chapters 30-33 Jeremiah tells of a new age that would follow; hope for the future after the disaster of the present.  We pick up the story in verse 31 where he tells of the new covenant that God has planned for His people.

God had been a husband to Israel, and Israel had been unfaithful to God; shattering their covenant obligations.  God’s people would be newly united under a new and different covenant; one in which His laws would be written not on tablets of stone, but rather upon their very hearts.  They would be moved not by outward regulations, but instead by inward motivations to do right by God.  They would come into relationship with God not by accident of birth, but by a desire to be His people. These would come to know Him because He had forgiven their sins, as opposed to those in the past who had only known of Him. They would not be taught about God, for they would know God.

Beginning with verse 35, we see that the very God who has established the laws of nature would be as reliable in keeping his promises as are those natural laws of His creation.  God would remain faithful to the “descendants of Israel” just as surely as the sun will shine.  The only question that remains is: Who are those descendants?

New Testament parallels

Jesus, in Matthew 21:43-44 told the Jews that the kingdom would be taken away from them for their unbelief.  Paul, in Galatians 6:16 refers to the church as “the Israel of God” and Peter in 1 Peter 2:9 “…a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God’s special possession”.

Hebrews 8-10 deals with the Apostolic Doctrine of Two Covenants.  Chapter 8 in particular is interesting for our study today.  Consider 8:6 ff. Here we see our Jeremiah passage quoted (Heb. 8:8-12).  The author’s comments are instructive: The New Covenant is superior to the old and founded on better promises. (8:6) Something was “wrong” with the Old Covenant (8:7) God found fault with the people and foretold of a new covenant (8:7) Of course the thing wrong with the Old Covenant was that the people did not keep it. The Old Covenant is “obsolete” (8:13 and will soon disappear.  In truth, it disappeared in less than a decade! (70 AD).

In the coming days as we survey all that the birth of Jesus in the manger has for us, let’s not overlook the coming of the New Covenant. This is the covenant of grace, the one that unites all of us in Christ, and replaces the old one, the law of sin and death. The birth of Jesus marks the coming of the Kingdom, the coming of something entirely new and wonderful. Of course, these things would still require another 30 plus years, for redemption required more than Jesus just being born, but this was a birth that shook the foundations of heaven and earth, and it is well worth our reflection.

About Don Merritt

A long time teacher and writer, Don hopes to share his varied life's experiences in a different way with a Christian perspective.
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5 Responses to A New Covenant

  1. It always leaves me amazed at the number of people who dip back into the Old Covenant to pick up ways to worship, etc.

  2. lovessiamese says:

    This is a good study. I wrote down the scriptures for further personal study. I’m hearing a lot of chatter about Israel no longer being God’s chosen people; that the church, the bride of Christ is God’s chosen people. I understand where this view may be coming from, but I also think it’s a mistake to just dismiss them because some of them are being saved, and Revelation teaches that 144,000 Jews (Israelis) will be saved during the Tribulation. God promised Abraham that He would bless His people forever. I think God can’t lie, and I don’t believe (as many people do, including my pastor) that God changes His mind. He tests us so we can better know our own attitudes, but He is not a man that He should repent. I’m not sure where you’re going with this study.

    • Don Merritt says:

      I completely agree with you that God doesn’t change His mind. This is not about God changing his mind, it is about people rejecting God and refusing to repent and refusing to accept the grace He has offered them. In order for God to force His grace down their throats, He would need to change the way He operates, and I don’t see that happening. Yet any Jew can receive his grace any time they choose to accept it, just as any Gentile can.

  3. Bob says:

    Reblogged this on PATCO Blog It All… and commented:
    Some things never get old-2000 years of good news

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