Then Jesus said to them, “Why is it said that the Messiah is the son of David? David himself declares in the Book of Psalms:
“‘The Lord said to my Lord:
“Sit at my right hand
until I make your enemies
a footstool for your feet.”’
David calls him ‘Lord.’ How then can he be his son?”
Jesus seizes the initiative with a thorny question of His own, and in so doing, not only are His opponents silenced, but He also has exposed the theological error that everyone seems to have about His Messianic mission in Jerusalem. Jewish teaching of the day emphasized that the Messiah, son of David, will come to the city to restore Israel as a great kingdom in the pantheon of Nations.
This, however is not to be the case, for Jesus has come to establish a Kingdom that is entirely apart from the pantheon of Nations, for it is not to be of this world at all. The Messiah would indeed be of the line of David, but the Messiah will be far greater than David. He might have the genetics of Davidic descent, but He will be the very Son of Almighty God.
Notice in the Psalm He quoted, David is speaking, and he uses the word “Lord” twice. The first refers to God the Father, the second to His Son. David calls the Son “my Lord” indicating that the paternity of Jesus vastly transcends genetics.
When you consider the actual wording of the Psalm, Jesus’ point is irrefutable and so His critics have nothing to say. Now, notice Jesus’ precise wording: He spoke of the Messiah in the third person… “he” and not “I”.
His time was now close at hand, but it hadn’t come quite yet.